Ben Zvi, Yitzhak

(formerly Shimshelevitz)
(1884-1963)
   Israel's second president. Born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russia, on 6 December 1884, he was educated at a heder and then at a Russian gymnasium. He joined Zionist groups and in 1904 made his first visit to Palestine and helped to found the Poalei Zion (Zionist Social Democrats) Party. He entered Kiev University in 1905, but then strikes closed down the university for that year. During the pogroms of November 1905, he participated in Jewish self-defense groups in Poltava. In 1906, he was among the participants at the first meeting of Poalei Zion of Russia. In June 1906, while his family was imprisoned by Russian police for illegal possession of weapons, he escaped to Vilna, where he attempted to coordinate Poalei Zion activities in different countries. He settled in Palestine in 1907 and that same year was the Poalei Zion delegate to the eighth Zionist Congress at The Hague. He helped found the Hebrew socialist periodical Ahdut (Unity) in 1910. After his deportation from Palestine by the Ottomans, he traveled to New York and in 1915 founded the Heha-lutz Movement in America.
   During World War I, Ben Zvi and David Ben-Gurion organized a volunteer movement for Jewish battalions in the United States. Ben Zvi then served as a soldier in the Jewish Legion of the British Royal Fusiliers. After returning to Palestine in 1918, he was appointed to the Palestine Advisory Council in 1920 but resigned the following year after the Jaffa riots. He was one of the founders of the Histadrut in 1920. He joined the Vaad Leumi and remained a member until Israel was established as a state. He was a member of the Knesset from 1948 to 1952 and also served on the Jerusalem Municipal Council. A signer of Israel's Declaration of Independence, Ben Zvi was elected to the first Knesset in 1949 and to the second Knesset in 1951. After Chaim Weizmann's death, he was elected president in 1952 and reelected in 1957. In 1962, he was elected for a third term but died in office in April 1963. As president, he encouraged intellectual gatherings at his residence to discuss literary, academic, and artistic concerns.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yitzhak ben-zvi — יצחק בן צבי 2e président de l État d Israël …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi — יצחק בן צבי Mandats 2e président de l État d Israël 16& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi — Infobox President | name = יצחק בן צבי Yitzhak Ben Zvi nationality =Israeli caption = order =2nd President of the State of Israel term start =16 December 1952 term end =April 23, 1963 predecessor =Chaim Weizmann successor =Zalman Shazar birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi — Jitzchak Ben Tzwi 1952 Jitzchak Ben Tzwi (hebr. יצחק בן צבי; ursprünglich Isaak Schimschilewitsch; * 6. Dezember 1884 in Poltawa, Ukraine; † 23. April 1963 in Jerusalem) war ein israelischer Historiker, Politiker der zi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yitzhak Ben Zvi — Jitzchak Ben Tzwi 1952 Jitzchak Ben Tzwi (hebr. יצחק בן צבי; ursprünglich Isaak Schimschilewitsch; * 6. Dezember 1884 in Poltawa, Ukraine; † 23. April 1963 in Jerusalem) war ein israelischer Historiker, Politiker der zi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ben-Zvi (Ben-Tzevi), Yitzhak (Shimshelevitz, Yitzhak) — (1884 1963)    Israeli statesman. Born in the Ukraine, he was one of the pioneers of the Poale Zion movement in Russia. In 1907 he settled in Palestine, where he was active in the Jewish defence movement. He was a founder of the Ahdut ha Avodah… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rachel Ben-Zvi — (רחל בן צבי), née Yanaït, fut durant plusieurs dizaines d années une figure marquante du mouvement sioniste. Rachel Ben Zvi est l épouse du second président de l État d Israël, Yitzhak Ben Zvi. Elle naît en Ukraine en 1886 et émigre en Terre d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yad ben-zvi — (יד בן צבי) est un institut qui contribue depuis de nombreuses années au développement de la connaissance au sujet de la Terre d Israël et à la conservation du patrimoine historique du pays. Il est installé dans la demeure de Yitzhak Ben Zvi et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yad Ben-Zvi — (יד בן צבי) est un institut qui contribue depuis de nombreuses années au développement de la connaissance au sujet de la Terre d Israël et à la conservation du patrimoine historique du pays. Il est installé dans la demeure de Yitzhak Ben Zvi et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rachel Yannayit Ben-Zvi — Rachel Yannayït Ben Zvi (רחל ינאית בן צבי), née Golda Rachel Lishanski, fut durant plusieurs dizaines d années une figure marquante du mouvement sioniste, écrivaine et pédagogue israélienne originaire d Ukraine. Elle a été l épouse du second… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.